Meissen Pug Dog After Kaendler
A fine Meissen pug dog after an 18thC model by Kaendler, on a gilt bronze rococo style base. This porcelain is likely one part of a set of two pugs, the female and the male. The porcelain has a blue underglaze Meissen mark on the bottom.
Johann Joachim Kaendler, (1706-1775) received a commission to model several pug dogs between 1736 and 1741. Pugs became popular lap dogs after they were introduced to Europe from China by Dutch merchants in the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century, especially in Holland and England. By the eighteenth century it was de rigeur for aristocratic men and women to own pugs with their even temperament and sociability towards humans.. It appears that one of the motives behind many of Kaendler’s commissions for pugs was an emblematic one for the Order of the Pug, a secret society modelled on Freemasonry. Pope Clement XII forbade Roman Catholics to join a Freemasons Lodge, and the Order of the Pug was a ruse to side-step his edict. Meissen models of pugs are numerous and they are found in many public and private collections.
Dimensions: 9″ H x 6″ W